Yayoi Kusama is the most famous Japanese artist in the world. This unique artist is highly considered by art lovers. With her immersive works flirting with notions of infinity, space and reality, Yayoi Kusama is an iconic figure of the hippie years. Discover 8 things to know about Yayoi Kusama.
1 - She was born in 1929 in Japan
Yayoi Kusama was born on March 22, 1929 in Matsumoto, Japan. She grew up in a large family whose fortune came from selling seeds and running nurseries.
2 - At the age of 12, she was mobilized for the war
With the attack of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the Japanese entered the Pacific War, Yayoi Kusama was then only 12 years old, she must serve the country with other children to make military uniforms and parachutes. At the same time, she drew and painted flowers.
3 - Hallucinations changed her life
From the age of 10, the Japanese woman had hallucinations, the first time was during a family dinner.
"One day, after seeing the tablecloth with the red flower pattern on the table, I looked up to the ceiling. There, everywhere, on the surface of the glass as well as on that of the beam, were the shapes of the red flowers. The whole room, my whole body, the whole universe was full of them.".
These hallucinations have led her to produce works covered in peas. With her concept of Self obliteration, the artist worries about the disappearance of individuality, even though she readily acknowledges that "we are more than miserable insects in an incredibly vast universe".
4 - She is fascinated by phallic forms
In 1958, Yayoi Kusama moved to New York and met the greatest artists of the city Andy Warhol, Yves Klein, Donald Judd, Mark Rothko...
Aggregation: One Thousand Boats Show in 1963
In 1963, she exhibited an installation called Aggregation: One Thousand Boats Show at the Gertrude Stein Gallery. This work impressed Andy Warhol, it was composed of a monochrome boat entirely covered by phallic forms. The phallic form symbolizes masculinity and fertility in Japanese culture.
5 - Yayoi Kusama exhibited illegally at the Venice Biennale
In 1966, the Japanese Yayoi Kusama raised public awareness at the Venice Biennale.
Yayoi Kusama at the Venice Biennale in 1966
With her friend Lucio Fontana, she poured 1500 shimmering spheres in front of the Italian pavilion. It was her work entitled: Narcissus Garden which she presented without any authorization. In 1993, she represented Japan at the Venice Biennale.
6 - She resides in a psychiatric hospital since 1977
Yayoi Kusama returned to Japan in 1973 because she was mentally ill.
Since 1977, Yayoi Kusama has lived in Seiwa Hospital, where she even has a studio. Her assistants work just across the street.
7 - Her "Infinity Mirror Room" attracts crowds
The Japanese artist is fascinated by the infinite. In her art, she often plays with the notion of space. Yayoi Kusama has become world famous for her Infinity Mirror Rooms, destabilizing installations in which there is only one entrance door and which are composed of mirrors, balloons, lights, toys or other objects.
Infinity Mirror Room Fireflies on Water, Yayoi Kusama, 2000, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nancy
When entering these works, the viewer is literally absorbed by the mirror effect and the infinite reflections.
In France, she exhibited her Infinity Mirror Room Fireflies on Water in 2001 at the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nancy. This work is still part of the collection of this museum.
8 - Yayoi Kusama is a true star of contemporary art
Yayoi Kusama fascinates people far beyond Japan and the United States, her works are sold on every continent and museums around the world honor her in their collections.
A Yayoi Kusama installation in Los Angeles
Brands are also snapping her up, for example, in 2012, Louis Vuitton and the artist collaborated on a collection of clothing, bags and accessories featuring her peas.